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Since the INF file allows for a rich set of parameters and options to be specified, it is difficult to define a default template that administrators should use for all purposes. Therefore, this section describes all the options to enable you to create an INF file tailored to your specific needs. The following key words are used to describe the INF file structure.

The following are some of the possible sections that may be added to the INF file:

This section is mandatory for an INF file that acts as a template for a new certificate request. This section requires at least one key with a value.

This section is optional.

To request a certificate based using certreq -new use the steps from the example below:

To create a Policy File (.inf) copy and save the example below in Notepad and save as RequestConfig.inf:

On the computer for which you are requesting a certificate type the command below:

The following example demonstrates implementing the [Strings] section syntax for OIDs and other difficult to interpret data. The new {text} syntax example for EKU extension, which uses a comma separated list of OIDs:

Key

Definition

Value

Example

Subject

Several applications rely on the subject information in a certificate. Thus, it is recommended that a value for this key be specified. If the subject is not set here, it is recommended that a subject name be included as part of the subject alternative name certificate extension.

Relative Distinguished Name string values

Subject = "CN=computer1.contoso.com" Subject="CN=John Smith,CN=Users,DC=Contoso,DC=com"

Exportable

If this attribute is set to TRUE, the private key can be exported with the certificate. To ensure a high level of security, private keys should not be exportable; however, in some cases, it might be required to make the private key exportable if several computers or users must share the same private key.

true, false

ExportableEncrypted = TRUE. CNG keys can distinguish between this and plaintext exportable. CAPI1 keys cannot.

ExportableEncrypted

Specifies whether the private key should be set to be exportable.

true, false

Exportable = true

System_CAPS_tipTip

Not all public key sizes and algorithms will work with all hash algorithms. Tamehe specified CSP must also support the specified hash algorithm. To see the list of supported hash algorithms, you can run the command certutil -oid 1 | findstr pwszCNGAlgid | findstr /v CryptOIDInfo

HashAlgorithm

Hash Algorithm to be used for this request.

Sha256, sha384, sha512, sha1, md5, md4, md2

HashAlgorithm = sha1. To see the list of supported hash algorithms use: certutil -oid 1 | findstr pwszCNGAIgid | findstr /v CryptOIDInfo

KeyAlgorithm

The algorithm that will be used by the service provider to generate a public and private key pair.

RSA, DH, DSA, ECDH_P256, ECDH_P521, ECDSA_P256, ECDSA_P384, ECDSA_P521

KeyAlgorithm = RSA

KeyContainer

It is not recommended to set this parameter for new requests where new key material is generated. The key container is automatically generated and maintained by the system. For requests where the existing key material should be used, this value can be set to the key-container name of the existing key. Use the certutil –key command to display the list of available key containers for the machine context. Use the certutil –key –user command for the current user’s context.

Random string value

System_CAPS_tipTip

You should use double quotes around any INF key value that has blanks or special characters to avoid potential INF parsing issues.

KeyContainer = {C347BD28-7F69-4090-AA16-BC58CF4D749C}

KeyLength

Defines the length of the public and private key. The key length has an impact on the security level of the certificate. Greater key length usually provides a higher security level; however, some applications may have limitations regarding the key length.

Any valid key length that is supported by the cryptographic service provider.

KeyLength = 2048

KeySpec

Determines if the key can be used for signatures, for Exchange (encryption), or for both.

AT_NONE, AT_SIGNATURE, AT_KEYEXCHANGE

KeySpec = AT_KEYEXCHANGE

KeyUsage

Defines what the certificate key should be used for.

CERT_DIGITAL_SIGNATURE_KEY_USAGE -- 80 (128)

System_CAPS_tipTip

The values shown are hexadecimal (decimal) values for each bit definition. Older syntax can also be used: a single hexadecimal value with multiple bits set, instead of the symbolic representation. For example, KeyUsage = 0xa0.

CERT_NON_REPUDIATION_KEY_USAGE -- 40 (64)

CERT_KEY_ENCIPHERMENT_KEY_USAGE -- 20 (32)

CERT_DATA_ENCIPHERMENT_KEY_USAGE -- 10 (16)

CERT_KEY_AGREEMENT_KEY_USAGE -- 8

CERT_KEY_CERT_SIGN_KEY_USAGE -- 4

CERT_OFFLINE_CRL_SIGN_KEY_USAGE -- 2

CERT_CRL_SIGN_KEY_USAGE -- 2

CERT_ENCIPHER_ONLY_KEY_USAGE -- 1

CERT_DECIPHER_ONLY_KEY_USAGE -- 8000 (32768)

KeyUsage = "CERT_DIGITAL_SIGNATURE_KEY_USAGE | CERT_KEY_ENCIPHERMENT_KEY_USAGE"

System_CAPS_tipTip

Multiple values use a pipe (|) symbol separator. Ensure that you use double-quotes when using multiple values to avoid INF parsing issues.

KeyUsageProperty

Retrieves a value that identifies the specific purpose for which a private key can be used.

NCRYPT_ALLOW_DECRYPT_FLAG -- 1

NCRYPT_ALLOW_SIGNING_FLAG -- 2

NCRYPT_ALLOW_KEY_AGREEMENT_FLAG -- 4

NCRYPT_ALLOW_ALL_USAGES -- ffffff (16777215)

KeyUsageProperty = "NCRYPT_ALLOW_DECRYPT_FLAG | NCRYPT_ALLOW_SIGNING_FLAG"

MachineKeySet

This key is important when you need to create certificates that are owned by the machine and not a user. The key material that is generated is maintained in the security context of the security principal (user or computer account) that has created the request. When an administrator creates a certificate request on behalf of a computer, the key material must be created in the machine’s security context and not the administrator’s security context. Otherwise, the machine could not access its private key since it would be in the administrator’s security context.

true, false

MachineKeySet = true

System_CAPS_tipTip

The default is false.

NotBefore

Specifies a date or date and time before which the request cannot be issued. NotBefore can be used with ValidityPeriod and ValidityPeriodUnits.

date or date and time

NotBefore = "7/24/2012 10:31 AM"

System_CAPS_tipTip

NotBefore and NotAfter are for RequestType=cert only.Date parsing attempts to be locale-sensitive.Using month names will disambiguate and should work in every locale.

NotAfter

Specifies a date or date and time after which the request cannot be issued. NotAfter cannot be used with ValidityPeriod or ValidityPeriodUnits.

date or date and time

NotAfter = "9/23/2014 10:31 AM"

System_CAPS_tipTip

NotBefore and NotAfter are for RequestType=cert only.Date parsing attempts to be locale-sensitive.Using month names will disambiguate and should work in every locale.

PrivateKeyArchive

The PrivateKeyArchive setting works only if the corresponding RequestType is set to "CMC" because only the Certificate Management Messages over CMS (CMC) request format allows for securely transferring the requester’s private key to the CA for key archival.

true, false

PrivateKeyArchive = True

EncryptionAlgorithm

The encryption algorithm to use.

Possible options vary, depending on the operating system version and the set of installed cryptographic providers.To see the list of available algorithms, run the commandcertutil -oid 2 | findstr pwszCNGAlgidThe specified CSP used must also support the specified symmetric encryption algorithm and length.

EncryptionAlgorithm = 3des

EncryptionLength

Length of encryption algorithm to use.

Any length allowed by the specified EncryptionAlgorithm.

EncryptionLength = 128

ProviderName

The provider name is the display name of the CSP..

If you do not know the provider name of the CSP you are using, run certutil –csplist from a command line. The command will display the names of all CSPs that are available on the local system

ProviderName = "Microsoft RSA SChannel Cryptographic Provider"

ProviderType

The provider type is used to select specific providers based on specific algorithm capability such as "RSA Full".

If you do not know the provider type of the CSP you are using, run certutil –csplist from a command-line prompt. The command will display the provider type of all CSPs that are available on the local system.

ProviderType = 1

RenewalCert

If you need to renew a certificate that exists on the system where the certificate request is generated, you must specify its certificate hash as the value for this key.

The certificate hash of any certificate that is available at the computer where the certificate request is created. If you do not know the certificate hash, use the Certificates MMC Snap-In and look at the certificate that should be renewed. Open the certificate properties and see the "Thumbprint" attribute of the certificate. Certificate renewal requires either a PKCS#7 or a CMC request format.

RenewalCert = 4EDF274BD2919C6E9EC6A522F0F3B153E9B1582D

RequesterName

System_CAPS_noteNote

This makes the request to enroll on behalf of another user request.The request must also be signed with an Enrollment Agent certificate, or the CA will reject the request. Use the -cert option to specify the enrollment agent certificate.

The requester name can be specified for certificate requests if the RequestType is set to PKCS#7 or CMC. If the RequestType is set to PKCS#10, this key will be ignored. The Requestername can only be set as part of the request. You cannot manipulate the Requestername in a pending request.

Domain\User

Requestername = "Contoso\BSmith"

RequestType

Determines the standard that is used to generate and send the certificate request.

PKCS10 -- 1

PKCS7 -- 2

CMC -- 3

Cert -- 4

System_CAPS_tipTip

This option indicates a self-signed or self-issued certificate. It does not generate a request, but rather a new certificate and then installs the certificate.Self-signed is the default.Specify a signing cert by using the –cert option to create a self-issued certificate that is not self-signed.

RequestType = CMC

SecurityDescriptor

System_CAPS_tipTip

This is relevant only for machine context non-smart card keys.

Contain the security information associated with securable objects. For most securable objects, you can specify an object's security descriptor in the function call that creates the object.

Strings based on security descriptor definition language.

SecurityDescriptor = "D:P(A;;GA;;;SY)(A;;GA;;;BA)"

AlternateSignatureAlgorithm

Specifies and retrieves a Boolean value that indicates whether the signature algorithm object identifier (OID) for a PKCS#10 request or certificate signature is discrete or combined.

true, false

AlternateSignatureAlgorithm = false

System_CAPS_tipTip

For an RSA signature, false indicates a Pkcs1 v1.5. True indicates a v2.1 signature.

Silent

By default, this option allows the CSP access to the interactive user desktop and request information such as a smart card PIN from the user. If this key is set to TRUE, the CSP must not interact with the desktop and will be blocked from displaying any user interface to the user.

true, false

Silent = true

SMIME

If this parameter is set to TRUE, an extension with the object identifier value 1.2.840.113549.1.9.15 is added to the request. The number of object identifiers depends on the on the operating system version installed and CSP capability, which refer to symmetric encryption algorithms that may be used by Secure Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (S/MIME) applications such as Outlook.

true, false

SMIME = true

UseExistingKeySet

This parameter is used to specify that an existing key pair should be used in building a certificate request. If this key is set to TRUE, you must also specify a value for the RenewalCert key or the KeyContainer name. You must not set the Exportable key because you cannot change the properties of an existing key. In this case, no key material is generated when the certificate request is built.

true, false

UseExistingKeySet = true

KeyProtection

Specifies a value that indicates how a private key is protected before use.

XCN_NCRYPT_UI_NO_PROTCTION_FLAG -- 0

XCN_NCRYPT_UI_PROTECT_KEY_FLAG -- 1

XCN_NCRYPT_UI_FORCE_HIGH_PROTECTION_FLAG -- 2

KeyProtection = NCRYPT_UI_FORCE_HIGH_PROTECTION_FLAG

SuppressDefaults

Specifies a Boolean value that indicates whether the default extensions and attributes are included in the request. The defaults are represented by their object identifiers (OIDs).

true, false

SuppressDefaults = true

FriendlyName

A friendly name for the new certificate.

Text

FriendlyName = "Server1"

ValidityPeriodUnits

System_CAPS_noteNote

This is used only when the request type=cert.

Specifies a number of units that is to be used with ValidityPeriod.

Numeric

ValidityPeriodUnits = 3

ValidityPeriod

System_CAPS_noteNote

This is used only when the request type=cert.

VValidityPeriod must be an US English plural time period.

Years, Months, Weeks, Days, Hours, Minutes, Seconds

ValidityPeriod = Years


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